Why did Banda Bahadur fail to strengthen the Sikh power?


After the Institution of Guruship come to an end, the leadership of Sikhs passed on to his trusted disciple Banda Bahadur, He tried to unite the peasants and the lower castes and wage an equal war against the Mughal army for eight years. He was defeated and tortured to death. He failed because the Mughals were still strong. The upper castes in Punjab were against him and as such they joined Banda’s opponents. Moreover, he failed to mobilise all anti-Mughal forces because of intolerant and narrow-minded attitude.