Briefly describe any five powers and functions of the Supreme Court of India.
Five powers and functions of the Supreme Court of India are:
Guardian of Our Constitution: The Supreme Court is the Guardian of our Constitution. So, the Court does not allow either the executive or the legislature to violate any provision of the Constitution.
Protector of Fundamental Rights: As Protector of Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court may declare a law passed by the legislature null and void, if it encroaches upon the Fundamental Rights of the people.
Court of Record: The Supreme Court functions as the Court of Record under which the proceedings of the court are preserved.
Supervisory Jurisdiction: Supervisory jurisdiction empowers the Supreme Court to supervise the functioning of all the courts below it.
Advisory Jurisdiction: Advisory jurisdiction covers constitutional issues or matters of public importance if the President of India desires to obtain the opinion of the Supreme Court. Any such opinion given by the Supreme Court is not binding on the President.