How is the Union Council of Ministers appointed? Explain its main functions.


The Union Council of Ministers comprises of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet Ministers and the Ministers of State. The composition of the Council of Ministers starts with the appointment of the Prime Minister by the President of India. Other ministers are appointed afterwards by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

The main functions of the Council of ministers:

  • It frames internal and external policy of the country.
  • It takes decisions at the national and international levels.
  • The Council of Ministers also performs certain legislative function.
  • It runs administration through various ministries like Defence, Finance, Agriculture, Foreign Affairs, Health, etc.