Why did Gandhiji give a call to start Non-Cooperation Movement? Which activities gave momentum to this Movement?


Gandhiji believed that the British rule was established and survived in India with the corporation of Indians. If Indians refused to cooperate, British rule would collapse and Swaraj would come. So, in 1920 Gandhiji called for a Non-Cooperation Movement.

The following activities gave momentum to this movement:

  • renouncing of titles and honour given by the British.
  • boycott of legislatures.
  • boycott of schools and colleges by students and teachers.
  • opening of Jamia Milia at Aligarh and Kashi Vidya Peeth at Benaras.
  • boycott of government offices and courts.
  • hartals and strikes all over the country.