Define sex-ratio. What are the reasons for the declining sex-ratio in India?


Sex ratio is the ratio between the number of females and males in a population.

The reasons for the declining sex-ratio in India are:

  • Preference for male child due to social, economic and religious reasons.
  • Infant mortality is higher among girls than among boys because of lack of proper medical facilities.
  • General neglect of female children during childhood is largely responsible for high female mortality rate.
  • Pre-natal sex determination tests, inspite of ban, continue to large scale practice of female foeticide.