Define sex-ratio. What are the reasons for the declining sex-ratio in India?
Sex ratio is the ratio between the number of females and males in a population.
The reasons for the declining sex-ratio in India are:
- Preference for male child due to social, economic and religious reasons.
- Infant mortality is higher among girls than among boys because of lack of proper medical facilities.
- General neglect of female children during childhood is largely responsible for high female mortality rate.
- Pre-natal sex determination tests, inspite of ban, continue to large scale practice of female foeticide.