Assess the importance of petroleum on the basis of its wide range of applications.
Answer: The importance of petroleum on the basis of its wide range of applications are:
- It is widely used as a source of power.
- It is widely used to run machines, generate electricity and produce steam.
- Railway engines, motor vehicles and ships depend on petroleum for their fuel requirements.
- It is used as a lubricant in machines and petro-chemical industries for preparing rubber, synthetic, fibres, etc.