What is a pancreas? Write its function in detail.
The pancreas is a gland located behind the stomach. Its functions include:
- Hormone production: The pancreas produces hormones such as insulin and glucagon, which regulate blood sugar levels.
- Enzyme production: The pancreas produces digestive enzymes that help in the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in the small intestine.
- Bicarbonate production: The pancreas produces bicarbonate, which neutralizes stomach acid as it enters the small intestine.
- Regulation: The pancreas regulates the digestive system by secreting enzymes and hormones at appropriate times.