What are the causes of 1857 revolt?

Sure, here are the main causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, listed in point form:

  1. Economic exploitation
  • Heavy land taxes and exploitation of natural resources
  • Economic policies favored British merchants and traders over Indian businesses
  1. Religious and cultural oppression
  • Christian missionaries actively sought converts and disparaged Hindu and Muslim beliefs
  • Western education was seen as a threat to traditional Indian culture
  1. Military grievances
  • Indian soldiers (sepoys) were paid less than British soldiers and were subjected to harsh discipline
  • New rifle cartridges that were greased with animal fat offended both Hindu and Muslim soldiers
  1. Political factors
  • Annexation of territories and dispossessions of Indian rulers and nobles
  • British interference in local customs and traditions
  1. Social factors
  • The caste system and discrimination against lower castes
  • Limited opportunities for upward mobility for Indians
  1. Perception of the British
  • Seen as arrogant, overbearing, and insensitive to Indian customs and traditions
  • Increasing resentment against British rule and administration

These factors contributed to a growing sense of dissatisfaction and rebellion against British rule in India, ultimately leading to the outbreak of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.